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South Africa's agrarian question

Author: Hubert Cochet; Ward Anseeuw; Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh
Publisher: Cape Town, South Africa : Human Sciences Research Council, 2015.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

Based on an in-depth analysis of several contrasting agricultural regions, this book assesses South Africa's on-going agrarian reform and the country's agrarian dynamics. The conclusion is without  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Hubert Cochet; Ward Anseeuw; Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh
ISBN: 9780796925121 0796925127
OCLC Number: 945358617
Description: xxvi, 358 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 24 cm
Contents: List of figures; List of tables; List of boxes; List of photographs; Acronyms and abbreviations; South Africa's agrarian question; 2014: Reflecting on the country's agrarian transition; A focus on South Africa's agrarian reform; An agrarian diagnosis approach: A long-term approach acknowledging farm diversity; Extensive fieldwork: Revealing the realities on the ground; Structure of the book; Chapter 1: The planned destruction of 'black' agriculture; Overview of previous production systems; First signs of distress; Land grabbing and the further weakening of black agriculture; Ciskei and Transkei; KwaZulu; Crocodile River Valley (Brits); Lowlands of the northern and eastern regions of the former Transvaal; 'Agricultural development' planning for blacks; Betterment plan and normative agricultural planning; Nwanedzi Valley (Limpopo); New Forest village; Promoting a small black farming elite in the bantustans; Bantustan of Bophuthatswana; Alluvial terraces of the Kat River (Eastern Cape); Bantustan of Gazankulu; Emergence of sugar cane smallholdings in the black spots of KwaZulu; Cutting off access to the national agrofood system; Conclusion; Chapter 2: Agrarian reform in South Africa: Objectives, evolutions and results at national level; South Africa's agricultural liberalisation, deregulation and the institutional restructuring of the public sector; Deracialisation of the agricultural sector and South Africa's spatial configuration; South Africa's land reform programmes; Land restitution; Land tenure reform; Land redistribution; Two phases of land reform; First phase (1994-1999): Land policies focusing on the establishment of subsistence farmers and food security; Second phase (1999-2004): Land policy aiming at creating small-scale commercial farmers; Shifting from land to agrarian reform and the development of emerging black farmers; A preliminary attempt towards spatial reform; South Africa's persisting dualistic agricultural structure; Disappointing results of the country's land and agrarian reforms; A stagnating sector becoming more and more concentrated; Conclusion; Chapter 3: Analysing productive processes and performances of agriculture at local scale in South Africa: How to proceed?; Agrarian diagnosis: Origin of the approach and key concepts; The agrarian system: A complex and multidimensional concept; Cropping, livestock and production systems: Concepts leading to unavoidable embedding of analytical scales; The notions of livelihood or activity system: Are they complementary or contradictory to the production system?; The agrarian diagnosis explained in light of its application in South Africa; Selecting a study area; Studying historical dynamics and reconstructing production systems' trajectories; Analysing the production systems from a technical and economic perspective; Selecting study areas; Characteristics of the study areas and their local problematics; Defining and delimiting the study area; Characterising the mode of exploitation of the environment; Selecting production units to be studied in detail and sampling; Characterising the technical operation and measuring the economic efficiency of the production systems; Value added and productivity; Distribution of value added and farm income; Placing production systems in the socio-economic and institutional sphere of the agrarian system.
Responsibility: Hubert Cochet, Ward Anseeuw, Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh.
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What does it mean to reverse decades of racial injustice in access to land and productive resources, and to deal with a legacy of concentration and inequality? Can South Africa, which presents itself Read more...

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